Recently, not only foreigners but also Koreans are paying attention to feminism, because there have been a series of incidents involving hatred of women in South Korean society. Despite this, few people seem to understand exactly what feminism means. The dictionary definition of feminism is: “a range of political movements, ideologies, and social movements that share a common goal: to define, establish, and achieve political, economic, personal, and social rights for women. This includes seeking to establish educational and professional opportunities for women that are equal to such opportunities for men.” However, even though feminism can be explained in a couple of sentences, it is still a very complex and sensitive theme.
Korean feminism appeared in the 1920s in various forms, including liberal feminism and socialist feminism. The Ministry of Gender Equality and Family was added to the Administration of Korea in 2010. At that time, gender violence existed in Korea, and its gender equality index was the lowest among OECD members. The Ministry was created in the hope of promoting gender equality. The success of the book “Kim Ji-yeong, 82” which was published in 2016, is another example of feminist activism. This book tells the story of the everyday discrimination that women face, due to inequalities in the social structure.
Feminism has lots of pros and cons and many people are still interested in this topic in Korea. Thus, the process of respecting each the opinions of both feminists and anti-feminists will be considered important.
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